12 luglio 1884
24 gennaio 1920
Amadeo Modigliani was an Italian painter and sculptor. He studied with G. Micheli, the pupil of G. Fattori in Livorno. He would then attend the Fine Arts schools in Florence (1902) and Venice (1903). Modigliani is influenced by Jugendstil, and of the secessionist figurative culture of G. Klimt. In 1906 he establishes himself in Paris. It is at this time that the explosion of Fauvism and the birth of Cubist painting occurred. Modigliani then utilizes his avant-varde experiences in correlation with Cèzannian lessons in order to define his style, which would become extremely characteristic. However, the role, no less decisive than its first and disorganic literary formation, is linked to a declining postromantic culture that must be emphasized. This would then contribute to making him the extreme "heir and liquidator" of the nineteenth-century tradition, between classicism recovery and late romanticism. When in Paris, Modigliani is influenced by H. de Toulouse Lautrec, P. Gauguin, V. Van Gogh, and more specifically P. Cèzanne. His inspiration then leads him to resume the construction of the figures into large color masses, where this can already been seen in the works of 1909: Il mendicante di Livorno and Il suonatore di violoncello. After a brief stay in Italy, Modigliani permanently settles in Montparnasse. Modigliani establishes a fundamental friendship with C. Brancusi because of the common discovery of the black sculpture and the rhythmic and expressive form of the line. Modigliani now begins to focus on drawing and sculpture instead of painting. He sculpts stone heads that are influenced by the Archaic Greeks, as well as draws a series of caryatids that would then translate into a single sculpture. His experience of culture became crucial for the identification of the constructive function of the line, which can be seen in his painting style post 1914. Between the years 1915 and 1920, Modigliani performed the most substantial part of his work, those of which were almost exclusively portraits, with the exception of some landscaped painted during his stay in Nice (1918-1919).