Giorgio Morandi

Giorgio Morandi

Bologna
1890


Bologna
1964

Biography

Giorgio Morandi was born in Bologna on July 20, 1890 into a family of a small town bourgeoise. At a very young age he demonstrates early artistic predispositons and in 1907 he was enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts. His scholastic career was excellent until 1911, when he strongly disagreed with his professors and he adopted his own independent style. His artistic references range from Paul Cézanne to Henri Rousseu, and from Pablo Picasso to André Derain. He also developed a great interest in Italian Renaissance. He traveled to Florence in 1910 where he would admire the masterpieces of Giotto, Masaccio, and Paolo Uccello. He graduated in 1913 and a year later he exhibited at the Hotel Baglioni in Bologna. The show featured the artists Morandi, Osvaldo Licini, Mario Bacchelli, Giacomo Vespignani, and Severo Pozzati, all of which were his academy mates. Because of this exhibition, a strong relationship between these artists is formed and they make a futurist group. Morandi will later exhibit with these same artists later in the at the Galleria Sprovieri in Rome. The metaphysical season rises from the war years. Morandi becomes one of the greatest interpreters of the metaphysical school of De Chirico, which includes approximately ten works. In the 1920s, his works become more plastic: during the era of still-lifes and quotidian objects. Although he does not move from Bologna, he remains in contact with the intellectual movements of Italy. After teaching for many years in the municipal drawing schools, he obtained the Chair of Engraving at the Academy of Fine Arts in Bologna in 1930. This was due to his “clear fame” he had and that there was “no competition.” He would remain in this position until 1956. His presence at the Venice Biennial is significant, but even more so at the Roman Quadriennali. In 1930 and 1935, Morandi becomes part of the commission of acceptance and is also present as a composer with few significant works. The year 1939 would become significant for the artist, as the third edition of the Roman exhibition he had a whole personal room with forty-two oils, two drawings, and twelve etchings. He obtained the second prize for painting behind the younger Bruno Saetti. During WWII, Morandi retired displaced in the Apennines where he will develop works dedicated to landscapes starting during the summer of 1943. Morandi received his first prize during the Biennale of 1948, which would renew the interest of the press and the public in his regard. The artist would then be considered as one of the most important masters of the century. Morandi passed away in Bologna on June 18, 1964. His body rests in the Certosa di Bologna.